Lectures on Britain - 2 (Lectures on Britain), страница 2
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Apart from London, there are Muslimcommunities in Liverpool, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Glasgow. Most are of Pakistanior Bangladeshi origin, but there are also an increasing number of British converts.At the same time many white British are becoming the minority in London.
Life inLondon and other big cities has become too expensive. Many of them prefer tomove out of big cities and move to quiet cheaper small towns, retaining their jobsin cities. They go to work and come back every day and become so-called“commuters”.The conservative housing policies contributed to the rising number of homelesspeople especially in big cities. You can see a lot of people sleeping rough in centralLondon each night. They are called “dossers”. Many of them are young schoolleavers who come to London to find jobs but failed because it is extremely difficultto get a job without a home address.Despite a lot of changes, broad stereotypical views concerning British societypersist.
Take, for example, the classic stereotypes concerning English Homes andHouses.Do you remember R. Kipling’ famous expression: My home is my castle?Is an Englishman's home really his castle? Though both the role and the lookof the home are changing, an Englishman's home is as much his castle is it was 100years ago. 82% of British families now prefer to live in their own houses and only15% live in flats. Here are some typical houses owned by Britons: “Detached”houses, ones that stand on their own, are the most desirable.
“Semi-detached”houses, consisting of two equal halves and there are also “terraced” ones, joined ina row of more than two.Some typical British homes are the smallest in Europe. All of us know the love ofBritons for gardening. There are small gardens in front and behind their house“What should one know on coming to England? First – a typical English breakfastdifferent from the continental one, a lunch (from 12 o’clock to 1 o’clock), fiveo’clock tea, dinner or supper (6-7 o”clock).
There are some traditional dishes suchas roast beef and Yorkshire pudding, Cornish pasti Wesker and of course pies.What should one know on coming to England? First – a typical English breakfastdifferent from the continental one, a lunch (from 12 o’clock to 1 o’clock), fiveo’clock tea, dinner or supper (6-7 o”clock). There are some traditional dishes suchas roast beef and Yorkshire pudding, and of course pies.British people spent less time cooking now then they used to do in the past.Even traditional English breakfast is a bit of a myth today. Many people prefer tohave a bowl of cornflakes or a cup of coffee for breakfast.
A lot of people unitetwo meals: breakfast and lunch together (s0-called “ brunch”).When British peoplego out for a meal, they very often go to their local Indian or Chinese, Italian orTurkish restaurant or buy a “takeaway” food. Very many still go to the pubs.Answer the following questions1. When was the British’s power weakened for the first time?2. When and how was English Parliament formed?3.
Why is King Henry the 8th important historically?4. What do you know about Queen Elizabeth the First?5. What is the period of Industrial Revolution in England?6. When did the saying “The Sun never sets on the British Empire becomepopular”?7. How did Britain act during two World Wars?8. When did the British Empire collapse?9. Describe British foreign policy now.10. What is the UK economically now?11.
What is class division in England and how is this reflected in speech?12. What is a typical British house?13. Is the expression “My house is my castle” still important for Englishmen?14. What do you know about British eating habits?15. Why do so many English people prefer to live in the province?16. What are “commuters”?17. Why are pubs so important for Englishmen?.